UAP and the Pentagon

Congress Calls For Permanent Office To Address “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena”

The Move Represents the First Time Since 1969 the U.S. Government Would Have a Formal Office to Investigate UFOs

Legislation contained within the upcoming FY 2022 National Defense Authorization Act calls for the establishment of a permanent office to address “unidentified aerial phenomena” or “UAP,” more commonly known as UFOs. 

“Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Director of National Intelligence, shall establish an office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense to carry out, on a Department-wide basis, the mission currently performed by the Unidentified Aerial Phenomenon Task Force as of the date of the enactment of this Act,” the proposed legislation reads. 

If passed, the move would represent a monumental shift in the U.S. government’s over half-century position on UFOs and represent the first formally acknowledged and permanently staffed effort to investigate unexplained aerial activity since the 1969 closure of the Air Force’s Project Blue Book

Unidentified Aerial Phenomena
Screenshot of purported UAP captured by US Navy F/A-18 pilots in 2015. (Image Source: The Department of Defense)

Reportedly, the DoD has been quietly investigating encounters with mysterious airborne objects since 2008. Initial efforts are said to have been run by the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) under the Advanced Aerospace Weapon Systems Applications Program (AAWSAP). 

In 2010, after claims that DIA leadership became apprehensive to the idea of investigating UFOs, a subcomponent of AAWSAP focused solely on military encounters, dubbed the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP), was transferred to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (OUSDI). 

In light of these programs, the government’s contemporary interest in UFOs remained entirely unknown until the former Director of the National Programs Special Management Staff for OUSDI, Luis Elizondo, revealed the existence of AAWSAP and AATIP, in a December 2017 expose by the New York Times. Bolstering Elizondo’s claims was the release of three videos captured initially by U.S. Navy F/A-18 fighter jets, showing what the DoD has since acknowledged is “unidentified aerial phenomena.” 

After appropriated funding for AATIP dried up in 2012, Elizondo says he “bootstrapped” the program, maintaining efforts to investigate UAP alongside a small cadre of persons from the U.S. Intelligence Community. Since leaving the DoD in October of 2017, Elizondo has been very vocal in discussing his involvement with AAWSAP and AATIP and the UAP topic in general. 

The Pentagon has never outright confirmed its 2008 to 2017 interest in UAP. However, after increasing public interest and congressional pressure, in August of 2020, then-Deputy Secretary of Defense David Norquist formally signed off on the establishment of an “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force” (UAPTF). 

Though the Pentagon presented it as having just cultivated a task force to examine UAP, a previous investigative exclusive by The Debrief revealed officials with the Navy’s Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) had been providing intelligence reports and briefings on UAP for several years before the acknowledge creation of the UAPTF. In one instance, emails revealed that members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Secretary of the Navy had received UAP briefings in October 2019. 

Unidentified Aerial Phenomena

The House Armed Services Committee’s current request for a UAP office in the Department of Defense (DoD) comes on the heels of a preliminary assessment of UAP, provided by UAPTF and Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) in late June. 

In its initial assessment, ODNI reported that 143 of 144 U.S. military encounters with purported UAP remained “unexplained,” with 56% of these events having been captured by multiple military sensor systems. 

The UAP incidents examined were said to have occurred between 2004 and 2021, with the vast majority coming within the last two years after the DoD changed reporting procedures, making it easier for military aviators to report encounters with UAP. 

ODNI acknowledged that limited data and sociocultural stigmas surrounding the topic of UFOs play a factor in why some of the 143 events remain unexplained. Shockingly, however, ODNI said that 18 incidents described in 21 reports appeared to involve some form of unknown advanced technology. 

“Some UAP appeared to remain stationary in winds aloft, move against the wind, maneuver abruptly, or move at considerable speed, without discernible means of propulsion,” the ODNI report reads. “The UAPTF [UAP Task Force ] holds a small amount of data that appear to show UAP demonstrating acceleration or a degree of signature management.” 

In the assessment, ODNI admitted that solving any of the lingering questions surrounding UAP would likely require additional investment and resources by the DoD beyond what had so far been afforded to the UAPTF. 

Immediately after the ODNI preliminary assessment release, Deputy Secretary of Defense Kathleen Hicks issued a DoD-wide memorandum requiring the development of a plan to formalize the mission currently being performed by the UAPTF and conduct assessments for establishing a more fixed UAP investigative body at the Pentagon. 

Multiple current defense officials closely associated with the Office of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence tell The Debrief the Director for Defense Intelligence Collection and Special Programs with OUSDI, Neill Tipton, is the senior executive official currently tasked with carrying out Deputy SECDEF Hicks directives and overseeing efforts to bolster UAPTF capabilities. 

Officials, who were not authorized to speak on the record, also tell The Debrief that Tipton initially took over AATIP after Elizondo’s resignation in 2017. DoD Calendar invites obtained by The Debrief via the Freedom of Information Act show an Unclassified “SAP Coordination Meeting” between Tipton and Elizondo occurring on August 28, 2017, a little over a month before Elizondo left the DoD. 

In early 2018, the responsibilities for quietly examining UAP were said to be transferred from Tipton to another senior official at the Navy’s Office of Naval Intelligence. 

The Pentagon declined The Debrief’s request for comment on the current arrangement of the UAPTF or previous status of AATIP. 

Answering the call for additional support, the Armed Services Committee’s proposed legislation would replace the current temporary Task Force with a permanent office solely dedicated to performing DoD-wide investigation of unidentified aerial phenomena. 

Outlined in the Bill, the new UAP office would be responsible for: 

  • Developing procedures to synchronize and standardize the collection, reporting, and analysis of incidents regarding unidentified aerial phenomena across the Department of Defense. 
  • Developing processes and procedures to ensure that such incidents from each military department are reported and incorporated in a centralized repository. 
  • Establishing procedures to require the timely and consistent reporting of such incidents. 
  • Evaluating links between unidentified aerial phenomena and adversarial foreign governments, other foreign governments, or nonstate actors. 
  • Evaluating the threat that such incidents present to the United States. 
  • Coordinating with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, as appropriate. 
  • Coordinating with allies and partners of the United States, as appropriate, to better assess the nature and extent of unidentified aerial phenomena. 

Foreign intelligence officials have previously told The Debrief the UAPTF has engaged in some limited information sharing with partners of the “Five Eyes,” the signals intelligence alliance between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. 

With the mention of further coordination with U.S. allies and industry partners, this suggests the Armed Services Committee views UAP as something with far more international implications and not isolated to just the United States. 

Lawmakers will also require the new UAP office to provide the Senate and House Armed Services and Foreign Affairs Committees with an annual report detailing its activities until at least December 31, 2026. 

In some of the most eyebrow-raising lines, the proposed Bill specifically says the UAP office’s annual report would be required to provide “an update on any efforts underway on the ability to capture or exploit discovered unidentified aerial phenomena.” 

Arguably more shocking, the legislation additionally would require “an assessment of any health-related effects for individuals that have encountered unidentified aerial phenomena.” 

The mention of “health-related effects” seems to harken back to a 2009 study commissioned by the DIA as part of the AAWSAP program, entitled Clinical Medical Acute & Subacute Field Effects on Human Dermal & Neurological Tissues.”

In a past interview with the report’s author, forensic clinician and neuroscientist Dr. Christopher “Kit” Green confirmed the study focused on examining injuries connected with purported UAP encounters. “This focused on forensically assessing accounts of injuries that could have resulted from claimed encounters with UAP,” said Dr. Green. 

During the interview, Dr. Green stressed that though his work focused on encounters with unidentified aerial objects, all of the injuries he assessed could be accounted for by known terrestrial means and did not alone provide any evidence for UAP having extraterrestrial or non-human origins, as many people believe. 


unidentified aerial phenomena

The Armed Services Committee showing it is taking UAP reports seriously mirrors similar sentiments expressed by the Senate Select Intelligence Committee (SSIC) in the past two years.

ODNI’s preliminary assessment on UAP resulted from a request contained within the SSIC’s FY2021 Intelligence Authorization Act. Likewise, the current Intelligence Authorization Act for FY2022 includes a section titled “Support for and Oversight of the Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force.” The directive requires “each element” of the U.S. Intelligence Community and Department of Defense to make all data relating to UAP immediately available to the UAP Task Force.

While the Armed Services and Foreign Affairs Committees are asking for an annual UAP report, the Intel Committee has requested quarterly updates from the UAP Task Force, or “such other entity as the Deputy Secretary of Defense may designate to be responsible for matters relating to unidentified aerial phenomena.”

Presently, the FY2022 National Defense Authorization Act, including the UAP office provision, has passed the House Armed Services Committee and will now move on to House Floor. Once approved by the House, the Bill will move on to the Senate before being finalized and ultimately passed to President Biden to be signed into law.

Much debate and bickering typically occur during the winding legislative process, often resulting in changes, removal, or additions to proposed legislation. However, ironically, for the past year, the subject of unidentified aerial phenomena has been one of the few issues that has enjoyed near-universal bipartisan support from Republicans and Democrats.

Essentially, at this point, there’s no obvious indication that we won’t eventually see the proposed establishment of a permanent UAP office in the DoD.

Unidentified Aerial Phenomena

From visiting aliens, adversarial drones to an elaborate counterintelligence operation, there is virtually a limitless number of unsubstantiated theories in the public sphere as to what UAP might represent. Aside from acknowledging these mysterious events occur, lawmakers, and defense and intelligence officials, seem to be clueless about what kind of potentially “advanced technology” might be darting around the skies. 

Ultimately, the mere fact that the U.S. government is reigniting formal inquiry in unexplained airborne objects fifty years after it took the position that there was nothing to it, is itself, a stunning revelation. 

“After several years of a coordinated dedicated effort by many to inform and encourage our elected officials to take the topic of UAP seriously, Congress has taken the bold and necessary steps to finally shed light on this important topic,” Luis Elizondo told The Debrief. 

“Today, I congratulate Congress and their staff for this monumental decision and working in a bipartisan way in the interests of the American people.” 

Follow and connect with author Tim McMillan on Twitter: @LtTimMcMillan or encrypted email: