Now, using a process called nonlinear transmission lines, or NLTLs, researcher Andrew Fairbanks from Purdue University has invented a new system to employ microwaves as a directed energy beam, with possible applications ranging from targeting cancer cells to enemy combatants.
“We created a new NLTL device that reduces the bulkiness of current options and offers new opportunities to protect our country and help patients in a man-portable form factor,” said Fairbanks, a Ph.D. student and graduate research assistant in Purdue’s College of Engineering. “In engineering, we are concerned about size, weight, power and cost. Our invention helps address all of these.”
NLTLs have increased in popularity in recent decades because, according tothe press release announcing the invention, “they offer an effective solid-state alternative to conventional vacuum-based, high-power microwave generators that require large and expensive external systems, such as cryogenic electromagnets and high-voltage nanosecond pulse generators.”
“NLTLs have proven effective for applications in the defense and biomedical fields,” the press release continues. “They create directed high-power microwaves that can be used to disrupt or destroy adversary electronic equipment at a distance. The same technology also can be used for biomedical devices for sterilization and noninvasive medical treatments.”
It was this host of benefits that led Fairbanks and team leader Allen Garner, who is an associate professor of nuclear engineering, to look into their applications for use with a possible directed energy beam, ultimately leading to the Purdue team’s breakthrough.
By combining these two capabilities, Fairbanks said that their invention successfully fuses all of the traditional elements of current NLTLs into one system, effectively eliminating the bulky support equipment that is typical for these systems.
Their next step was to add a power source to charge the system, in this case a high-voltage DC supply, and then they added a gas-based switch for discharging the device. These additions eliminated the need for an external pulse generator, and is more rugged as well because of its solid state construction.
The team’s work was funded at least in part by a grant from theOffice of Naval Research, and according to the release, both the inventors and the OTC are presently looking for outside partners to continue to develop the technology.
“It has been very beneficial to our team and our advancement of this technology to have OTC here at Purdue,” Fairbanks said in the release. “OTC and other resources from Purdue Research Foundation provide support to take our technology and push it out to the world through patenting and commercialization.”
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